GLORY OF PARTHIAN KINGS
Nisa is the most significant architectural monument located near the city of Ashgabat, in the
suburb of the village of Bagyr. It consists of two
settlements, the former is Kenenusay (Old
Nisa) and the latter is Tazenusai (New Nisa).
Both settlements are situated on the fertile
plain at the foot of the Kopet Dagh mountains.
Nisa is the capital of the famous Parthian King
dom that existed for almost 600 years (since
the III century ВС up to the III century AD). In the
I century AD it was rather a mighty and formidable adversary of Rome. At a distance of 4 km
to the North of Old Nisa there is a settlement
called Mansur depe that was probably destined as a ritual place. Nisa itself was most
likely a kings residence or a religious center.
In 224 AD when the dynasty of Arshakid was
overthrown the city fell into decay and became
deserted. It was restored in the V century by
the Sasanid king Firus. In 651 Nisa became
part of the Arab Caliphate already as a New
Nisa. Before the siege by the Mongols in 1220
it was a big flourish ing city. Having revived after
the Mongol invasion, Nisa for a long time was
the arena of internecine wars and only in the
beginning of the XIX century it became a place
of residence of turkmen tekins called Bagyr.
Some monuments are situated not far from
Nisa, namely the mausoleum of Shikh Alou
erected over the grave of the Sufi sheikh Abu
All Dakkak (X с.), the Kulmergen kala fortress
(XIX с.) and also the mosque of Khalimberdyilshan (the beginning of the XX century), bearing
images of the Konnthian style capitals.