Siyakhat hotel
 Licence  № 000029   

Rambler's Top100 Add to Favorite

   - April 12, 1996 - the President of Turkmenistan Saparmurat Niyazov approved the architectural project of the National Museum of Turkmenistan (Turkish architect Jan Onai)
   - April 26, 1996 - the construction of the National Museum was entrusted to the Turkish company «Uchgen»
   - May 16, 1996 - the President of Turkmenistan and Turkey Saparmurat Niyazov and Suleiman Demirel took part in the solemn laying of the National Museum's foundation stone
   - November, 1997 - Construction work completed
   - January 5, 1998 - the Decreeof the President of Turkmenistan Saparmurat Niyazov «On the Creation of the National Museum of Turkmenistan» was published
   - November 12, 1998 - the President of Turkmenistan and Turkey Saparmurat Niyazov and Suleiman Demirel took part in a ceremony of solemn unveiling of the National Museum of Turkmenistan

Tehnical parameters:
- General area - 14563 sq.m
- Exhibition area - 3171 sq.m
- Number of exhibition halls - 7
- Namber of storage units - 33776
- Designed for 2500 visitors a day


National Museum of Turkmenistan

   Turkmenistan's National Museum was "born" on the January, 5, 1998. On that day the President of the country signed a statement setting out its future. The construction of the building was already completed, but work to equip the interior and shape its displays was still to come. The museum traces its roots back to the XIX century and a small amateur collection of household artifacts and examples of Turkmen workmanship which were displayed at the Russian industrial exhibition in Nizhni Novgorod in 1896. The exhibits were returned to Ashkhabad and used to found the Transcaspian Regional Museum, 100 years ago, on of March, 17, 1899. It soon became the single centre for the study of local nature, ethnography and history, with natural history as its main direction for a long time.
    As the years passed, the museum changed names and moved from one place to another. But what was badly needed was a venue where the exhibits could be shown off to their best advantage, free of any provincial cramming and squalor. Priceless treasures were kept for decades in storage conditions which, politely speaking, left much to be desired. No-one knows how many rare exhibits were lost during this period, when museum funds were disorganised and restoration of artefacts was non-existent. But this was only part of the problem. The museums of Turkmenistan were unable to become museums in the full sense of the word. They were simply warehouses packed with exhibits, or modest collections, a far cry from being scientific centres or "temples of the muses".
    That the real "temple" has been built only now, towards the end of the century, is to a large extent due to the vision of President Saparmurat Turkmenbashi, who helped plan the project from its conception through to its layout and facilities.
    According to the ideas of the head of state, embodied in the work of Turkish architect Jan Onai, this unusual structure was built on a high site in Berzengi — a new business district in the south of Ashkhabad, near the picturesque foothills of Kopetdag. The supermodern complex of 30 000 square meters was erected by the Turkish firm «Uchgen» in record time. Just one and one-half years passed between the laying of the foundation stone and completion of the project. Hall of Independence
    Anyone approaching the museum for the first time is confronted with a three-story building, crowned by a central heavenly-blue dome consisting of 16 semi-spherical sides, each symbolizing one of the Turkic states founded over the centuries. The dome is supported by five 19-meter pillars - symbolizing the number of velayats (districts) in the country. The vertical atrium emphasises their height (19 meters). On the roof, five small light-blue domes surround a central dome. At the museum's entrance, five small fountains surround a larger one at the centre of a square.
    On the first floor, on both sides of the central entrance there are four conference halls, and outside are four summer amphitheaters intended for drama productions, which adjoin the building on its different sides.
    Inside, the architect chose Finnish granite and bronze for decorating the bases and caps of pillars. For facing the facades and external galleries, uniy stone — a strong and beautiful material from Turkey, — is used. The museum's complex engineering system includes independent emergency power and water supplies, electronic temperature and humidity regulation, and a reliable security system. In a word, every care has been taken to ensure that Turkmenistan's invaluable relics are housed safely. Now they are accessible for everybody, and visitors can view its galleries and halls at their leisure, enjoying the full spectrum of the national culture.
    Let's take a small excursion through the museum and its halls.
    On the first floor, to the left of the centre of the building, where a sculpure of the state emblem is installed on a high foundation, is the HALL OF INDEPENDENCE, illustrating the modern development of the country, along with a range of costly presents given to Saparmurat Turkmenbashi, and donated by him to the museum.
    The second floor is entirely dedicated to archaeology and ethnography. The first three halls feature displays in chronological order. THE HALL OF ANCIENT HISTORY presents a collection of flint tools from the Mezolithic era (50 000 years B.C.), used by primitive people in Western Turkmenistan, along with Neolithic ceramics and ornaments from the first human settlements along the northern slopes of Kopetdag. There are also objects made from clay and metal, semi-precious stones and bone, witnessing the high level of development of the early agricultural civilizations of Jeitun, Altyn-Dep, Namazg, Anau etc. They represent the northern complex of old-eastern culture most famous in Babylon and Assyria.
    The place of honor in this hall is occupied by Margiana, a unique Bronze Age civilization discovered by archaeologists in the Karakum desert to the north of the modern town of Bairamali, which was a fertile delta of the river Murgab about 3000 years ago. There was a set of settlements with mighty towers and monumental sanctuaries.
    THE HALL OF ANTIQUITY covers the eventful period of history from the Akheminidic period (VI-IV centuries B.C.) to the first centuries A.D. Parphian culture 11-1 cent. B.C. dominates here, which became the largest empire of the East, competing with Rome itself. Rithon Hodoguna
    A full collection of ritons — special horn-like vessels made of ivory featuring magnificent art-are represented alongside a number of other exhibits. All of them were found in Ashkhabad's suburbs, at excavations of Old Nisa — residence of Parphian kings from the Arshakid Dynasty. Marble sculp- tures, and silver, gold and bronze items from Parphian Nisa are outstanding examples of art closely connected with the Hellenistic tradition.
    In this hall one can see exhibits from other regions of antique Turkmenistan — from Khorezm (in the north), the Kushansk empire (along the Amu Darya river) and primarily from Merv, the largest archaeological site in all Central Asia, which has yielded a number of discoveries - from buildings to coins and tiny gems.
    THE HALL OF THE MIDDLE AGES tells about the Sasanidic epoch, which was linked to a new growth in the culture of the ancient Central Asian oases. These artefacts look mysterious, but were extremely functional. Several Buddah images and a wonderful painted vase from Merv attract the eye in particular.
    Most of the exhibits in this hall date from the middle ages which came to Turkmenistan after the Arabian conquest in VII century. The heyday of this culture came with the Seldzhuck empire (XI-XII cent.).
is represented in two halls on the second floor and in one hall on the first floor. Between them is the giant carpet — «Saparmurat Turkmenbashi». Its 266 square meters of classical Tekin design was woven by a collective of carpetmakers in just five months.
    Household objects, women's, men's and children's national costume, examples of Turkmen weapons, musical instruments, hand-written books and displays of traditional life from the XVIII-beginning of XX centuries are displayed in the ethnographic halls.
    Turkmenistan's famous hand-crafted carpets of dyed sheep's wool are the finest masterpieces of its national art. Dark red and brown shades dominate, with ornaments and colors differing depending on the local traditions of different Turkmen tribes and regions: Tekin, lomud, Kerki, Gyzylayat etc.
    But another important place in Turkmen national art belongs to female dress, and primarily bridal costumes.
    The brightest examples of this tradition are embroidered fabrics, and gilded silver jewelry featuring precious stones, stamping and engraving. Special silver ornaments were also made for the famous Akhalteke horses, which played a major role not only in the nation's history, but as the focus of a cult. Sets of Turkmen arms, medieval military ammunition, a restored zergyar's workshop (jeweller's workshop), children's toys, etc, are of special interest here.
    Merv Vase THE HALL OF NATURE completes the museum. Turkmenistan is very rich in mineral fossils and all their variety is represented in this hall of the museum. One can see fossils of the Palaeozoic era and ammonite fossils which are millions of years old, mountain rock samples, and representatives of Turkmen flora and fauna, including endemics of a kind only found in Turkmenistan.
    But contrary to most people's idea of a museum as being concerned only with exhibitions, we should remember the displays are actually only a small part of the facility's work.
    First of all, the museum is a scientific research institute, whose functions include acquisition, storage, study and popularization of important samples of natural history, and physical and spiritual culture - primary sources of knowledge about the development of nature and society.
    In a statement about the National Museum of Turkmenistan, authorized by the decree of the President of the country, an approach to defining the essence of the museum is precisely formulated. To fulfill the tasks assigned to it, the National Museum will conduct research into the history of Turkmenistan and the study of its arts, using national and international technologies.
    Not only tourists and expatriots working in Turkmenistan hurry to see the beautiful building and its exhibits. It attracts great interest from Turkmen themselves. There is no doubt that the funds spent by the government on the museum's con- struction and upkeep, will reap unmatched spiritual rewards. And if a treasury of national culture like the museum ranks alongside a state's priorities, it proves the land has not just an unforgettable past, but an even greater future.
Siyakhat is a reliable partner and always guarantees a high class service. We invite you to visit independant neutral Turkmenistan.

  Our services: Home  |   Profile  |   Visa  |   Hotel  |   Tickets  |   Tour and price  |   Map of Turkmenistan
  Historical places: Merv |  Dekhistan |  Kov-Ata |  Kuniaurgench |  Nisa
    60a, Gerogly str.,
Ashgabat, Turkmenistan, 744012
Siyakhat hotel
tel./fax: (99312) 344033, 344071

Please use this image to link to Siyakhat hotel
Rambler's Top100
[ Sign my Guestbook] - [Read my Guestbook ]
This site is best viewed with Microsoft Internet Explorer 4.0 and higher.
You must turn on JavaScript to view this site.
Copyright © 2002, Valeriy Petrosyants
Hosted by uCoz